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Nanoscale Science and Technology


Nanoscale Science and Technology


1. Aufl.

von: Robert Kelsall, Ian W. Hamley, Mark Geoghegan

81,99 €

Verlag: Wiley
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 01.11.2005
ISBN/EAN: 9780470020869
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 472

DRM-geschütztes eBook, Sie benötigen z.B. Adobe Digital Editions und eine Adobe ID zum Lesen.

Beschreibungen

Nanotechnology is a vital new area of research and developmentaddressing the control, modification and fabrication of materials,structures and devices with nanometre precision and the synthesisof such structures into systems of micro- and macroscopicdimensions. Future applications of nanoscale science and technologyinclude motors smaller than the diameter of a human hair andsingle-celled organisms programmed to fabricate materials withnanometer precision.

Miniaturisation has revolutionised the semiconductor industry bymaking possible inexpensive integrated electronic circuitscomprised of devices and wires with sub-micrometer dimensions.These integrated circuits are now ubiquitous, controllingeverything from cars to toasters. The next level ofminiaturisation, beyond sub-micrometer dimensions into nanoscaledimensions (invisible to the unaided human eye) is a booming areaof research and development. This is a very hot area of researchwith large amounts of venture capital and government funding beinginvested worldwide, as such Nanoscale Science and Technology has abroad appeal based upon an interdisciplinary approach, coveringaspects of physics, chemistry, biology, materials science andelectronic engineering. Kelsall et al present a coherent approachto nanoscale sciences, which will be invaluable to graduate levelstudents and researchers and practising engineers and productdesigners.
List of contributors.

Preface.

Chapter authors.

1 Generic methodologies for nanotechnology: classificationand fabrication.

1.1 Introduction and classification.

1.2 Summary of the electronic properties of atoms andsolids.

1.3 Effects of the nanometre length scale.

1.4 Fabrication methods.

1.5 Preparation, safety and storage issues.

Bibliography.

2 Generic methodologies for nanotechnology:characterization.

2.1 General classification of characterization methods.

2.2 Microscopy techniques.

2.3 Electron microscopy.

2.4 Field ion microscopy.

2.5 Scanning probe techniques.

2.6 Diffraction techniques.

2.7 Spectroscopy techniques.

2.8 Surface analysis and depth profiling.

2.9 Summary of techniques for property measurement.

Bibliography.

3 Inorganic semiconductor nanostructures.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Overview of relevant semiconductor physics.

3.3 Quantum confinement in semiconductor nanostructures.

3.4 The electronic density of states.

3.5 Fabrication techniques.

3.6 Physical processes in semiconductor nanostructures.

3.7 The characterisation of semiconductor nanostructures.

3.8 Applications of semiconductor nanostructures.

3.9 Summary and outlook.

Bibliography.

4 Nanomagnetic materials and devices.

4.1 Magnetism.

4.2 Nanomagnetic materials.

4.3 Magnetoresistance.

4.4 Probing nanomagnetic materials.

4.5 Nanomagnetism in technology.

4.6 The challenges facing nanomagnetism.

Bibliography.

5 Processing and properties of inorganicnanomaterials.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 The thermodynamics and kinetics of phasetransformations.

5.3 Synthesis methods.

5.4 Structure.

5.5 Microstructural stability.

5.6 Powder consolidation.

5.7 Mechanical properties.

5.8 Ferromagnetic properties.

5.9 Catalytic properties.

5.10 Present and potential applications for nanomaterials.

Bibliography.

6 Electronic and electro-optic molecular materials anddevices.

6.1 Concepts and materials.

6.2 Applications and devices.

6.3 Carbon nanotubes.

Appendix: Reference table of organic semiconductors.

Bibliography.

7 Self-assembling nanostructured molecular materials anddevices.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Building blocks.

7.3 Principles of self-assembly.

7.4 Self-assembly methods to prepare and patternnanoparticles.

7.5 Templated nanostructures.

7.6 Liquid crystal mesophases.

7.7 Summary and outlook.

Bibliography.

8 Macromolecules at interfaces and structured organicfilms.

8.1 Macromolecules at interfaces.

8.2 The principles of interface science.

8.3 The analysis of wet interfaces.

8.4 Modifying interfaces.

8.5 Making thin organic films.

8.6 Surface effects on phase separation.

8.7 Nanopatterning surfaces by self-assembly.

8.8 Practical nanoscale devices exploiting macromolecules atinterfaces.

Bibliography.

9 Bionanotechnology.

9.1 New tools for investigating biological systems.

9.2 Biomimetic nanotechnology.

9.3 Conclusions.

Bibliography.

Index.
"...a refreshing work, a very readable introduction tonanotechnology..." (CHOICE, February 2006 )

" ...the book reads well (and) abounds withinstructive diagrams ..." (Chemistry World, July2005)
Robert W Kelsall is Course director for the joint Leeds/Sheffield MSc in Nanoscale Science and Technology, which was one of the first (and is currently one of the largest) taught postgraduate nanotechnology programmes to be established in Europe. Ian Hamley and Mark Geoghegan are both actively involved in the delivery of the course. All three Editors manage substantial research programmes covering low-dimensional semiconductor devices, structured surfaces and interfaces, polymers and soft matter.

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